roots.edu - cbd.

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true therapy or popular trend?

cbd has a lot of hype behind it. whether you get true therapy or overhyped nonsense depends entirely on the product. cbd has been around for a long time with a respected reputation in the functional health community. political battles to keep cbd (hemp) therapy suppressed has been ongoing since the 1930's with little scientific basis. legislation against hemp was largely based on fear mongering and smear campaigns while legitimate research was relentlessly presented to acknowledge cannabis (and hemp cbd) as a powerful therapeutic for a wide range of mental and physical dysfunction. the potential of cbd is finally being recognized outside the holistic community and legally legitimized. unfortunately, the resulting boom in popularity is flooding the market with cbd everything and most of it is very low efficacy. for someone looking at cbd to address health and performance goals, the information and options are overwhelming. with cbd finally being legitimized, the biggest obstacle is navigating the industry to find authentic product that will deliver the plant's true potential.

this might sound a little jaded, but it doesn’t help anyone to sugar coat the beauty and bastardizations of the cbd industry. the whole point of this movement is to legitimize holistic health as an option with profound results. if the market is dominated by low potential product, the professional reputation of cbd and natural medicine suffers greatly. depending on the product you end up with (and how you implement a routine) you could experience life changing results, or you can end up with another product that adds no value and sits in your drawer. this is the level of difference we're talking about. cbd isn’t guaranteed for everyone, but a little due diligence will significantly increase your chances of success.

our next CBD 101: highland village texas @ wellmind coffee on 8/5/21 - 5pm

information on this page is for educational and entertainment purposes only. this is not medical advise or a substitute for medical advice. please talk to a medical practitioner if you have a medical concern.

1.1 / unconditional return policy.

the natural product industry is over stocked with options. the reality is, many of them don't work. if a company doesn't offer a simple and unconditional return policy, i wouldn't bother with it. the journey to better health, wellness and performance can get really expensive if you're constantly getting stuck with products that don't work.

1.2 / milligrams clearly defined.

products should clearly define CBD milligramage on the packaging with no room for interpretation. don't get abused by deceptive labeling. it happens all the time, especially in the cbd industry. products that show you hemp milligramage tell you nothing about strength of product. hemp can be anywhere from 0% - 90% CBD depending on what parts of the plant are used and the method of extraction.

1.3 / cbd standardization & the entourage effect.

therapeutic value of the whole is greater than the sum of its individual parts. as a product is further refined, synergistic compounds are stripped and holistic potential is diminished.

1.4 / extraction type. keep it simple.

as hemp extracts are further refined, synergistic compounds are stripped and holistic potential is diminished. stay close to the original plant for the more well rounded and powerful therapeutic potential.

1.5 / the importance of carriers.

additional ingredients don't mean the product is less powerful. actually, carrier oils are completely necessary for accurate cbd products.


starting a therapeutic routine.

sublingual cbd.

within the first 5 servings, you will likely notice acute effects of a good full spectrum cbd. if you’re carrying tightness in your chest, you may feel relaxation and ability to breathe deeper. if your mind races, you may experience clarity and smoothness in your thoughts. if you have chronic pain, you may notice mood and mobility improvement. the list goes on. while acute benefits are common, they’re not noticed by everyone. you should not be discouraged if you don’t notice acute results within the first 5 days. the most impactful benefits of cbd take a little longer to develop as the balance is restored and mind-body resources are allocated towards performance and reparative processes.

over the course of 4 weeks, balance is simultaneously strengthened in multiple systems, generating holistic momentum. the longer you maintain lowered levels of reactive processes like stress and inflammation, the better your mind-body allocates resources towards reparative, proactive and performance processes (parasympathetic state). nutrient absorption improves, cortisol levels improve, energy and endurance improve, neuro-genesis and neuro plasticity improve, circadian rhythm (sleep & wake cycle) improves, immune system intelligence strengthens and more. while the acute benefits of cbd offer some quick "feel good", a consistent routine keeps stress and inflammation levels down to keep resources consistently allocated towards parasympathetic processes. this is where real progress happens, and resilience is strengthened. if you’re inconsistent with a cbd routine, you may bounce between sympathetic and parasympathetic states in a cycle that prevents sustainable progress. consistently improving resource allocation is the only way to improve baseline levels of energy, endurance, mood, pain, immune performance, inflammation, and more.

therapeutic range & where to start.

you need to be in therapeutic range to get therapeutic benefit. you should not expect notable benefits of exercise from a 5-minute jog twice weekly. similarly, you should not expect notable results from a 10mg cbd/ day routine. general routine recommendations start at 10mg cbd 2x daily (20mg cbd total) for a minimum of 30 days. this is considered the beginning of therapeutic range. anything lower than this probably won't produce results. we believe people seeking the general mind-body benefits of cbd should start at beginning of therapeutic range and work their way up.

while relevant, we did not factor weight into this chart because impact on daily life, endocannabinoid system “sensitivity”, gut health and immune function/ inflammation levels are greater factors in a persons response to a serving size. this is why we recommend starting lower and working your way up. this is a well respected approach within our network of practitioners and body work experts.

most clients find success in the 40mg-60mg cbd / day routine.

we recommend cbd starting point based on self-report on how affected you are by discomforts & imbalances between 0-10 (0 being completely unaffected, 10 being relentlessly and highly impacted). this is meant to be a very generalized recommendation with plenty of flexibility to fit individual goals. if you’re feeling totally lost on where to start, ask the practitioner that sold you our sublingual, or send an email to jordan@rootsapothecary.com. when you choose a starting point, you should commit to 10 days before increasing serving size if necessary.

self report 0-3.

recommendation: 20mg-40mg cbd / day.

life is generally smooth and unaffected by daily discomforts like pain and anxiety or imbalances like energy, mood, and mental clarity. you may have aches, inconsistent energy and mild anxiety, but nothing is disruptive to daily life. your main goal is improving overall health and wellness by promoting better balance. this client has a high capacity for work, play and stress, but wants to take their performance to the next level.

self report 4-6.

recommendation: 40mg-60mg cbd / day.

daily life is high functioning, but moderately uncomfortable. your mind is not consumed by discomforts and imbalances, but your health, performance and/or social life is negatively impacted. examples of clients in this category include mild to moderate discomfort from anxiety, depression, arthritis, fibro, lyme, chronic exhaustion, sleep disorder, adhd, ibs, colitis, neuroinflammation, and anything rooted in or made worse by anxiety and inflammation (the vast majority of modern disease and obstacles to optimal performance). most of our clients fall into this category. this range is also where most of our performance athletes work to improve recovery and flow state by reducing stress and inflammation.

self report 7-8.

recommendation: 80mg-100mg cbd / day.

every day is difficult. discomforts like anxiety and pain are consistently high and imbalances like energy and mood prevent a normal functioning capacity for work, play and relationships. people in this category only have the energy to care about a few things and getting better is at the top. for clients in this category, time is of the essence. the sooner we can get life back to a functioning capacity, the sooner life can move forward. if sleep is a problem in this category, it should be addressed by taking a higher serving size of at least 40mg-60mg 90mins before bed (without quality sleep, you’re unlikely to make sustainable progress). roughly 15% of our clients start in this category.

we have some athletes working in this range during their peak training (like mma fight camps or athletes who decide to train through injuries). while some athletes continue this serving size, most athletes return to the 40mg-60mg range after returning to their normal training intensity.

self report 9-10.

recommendation: 100mg-200mg cbd / day.

daily life is often miserable, or you have a serious and aggressive health concern. you are relentlessly and highly impacted to the extent of limited functionality. less than 2% of our clients will start at this serving size.


evaluating effectiveness.

establish a baseline. we suggest people journal before starting a cbd routine and benchmark their progress at 10 day intervals. this means paying attention to and writing down things like sleep quality, mood & energy when you wake up, mood & energy in the afternoon, digestion, pain levels, mental clarity and any performance issues you’re trying to address. brining attention to these indicators of health will help you better track & understand your progress and success with a cbd routine.

what to expect.

there’s no definite answer for what to expect first with a cbd routine because it’s truly holistic in action. the vast network of endocannabinoid receptors act on a wide range of mental and physical systems to drive improvements in multiple systems at the same time. this is why cbd is known for being so successful at addressing chronic and acute performance issues throughout the mind-body. through the holistic balancing action of cbd, there are multiple pathways to achieving improved health and wellness.

here’s what we do know. people often notice the first improvements in areas that are most out of balance. for example, if you’re most concerned with improving sleep, that’s where you’re most likely to see results first, even though you’re likely experiencing improvement in multiple areas at the same time. then, as a result of better sleep, you may notice lower stress levels (better cortisol patterns), which will improve energy levels, mood, mental clarity, digestion, and inflammation response.

when you start improving foundations of health without negative side effects, other systems start functioning more effectively, resulting in improved overall health and wellness.
most often, a consistent cbd routine will deliver improvements in multiple areas at once. those improvements compound as you move further into holistic balance. however, what you will notice first is hard to predict. in general, bringing attention to the areas you want to improve will help you identify progress faster.

separate novelty from sustainable improvements.

some people ask about loosing results when stopping a cbd routine. while the short answer is not to worry, countless variables contribute to a persons experience with starting and stopping a cbd routine. we think these are very important questions and will take a little space on this page to explain.


lets look at a simple example. consider a woman who starts running for exercise. the first dozen runs will have a notable effect on the mind and body. she will be out of breath and feel soreness the next day. the endorphins make her feel good and the soreness validates her effort. she will likely see mental and physical improvements pretty quickly. however, a few months into a consistent routine, the endorphins and soreness are not as noticeable because the feeling is more familiar and she is physically stronger. her health continues to improve, but the rate of change is less dramatic. she evaluates the benefit of running purely on novelty experiences, so she thinks running (exercising) doesn't work anymore and stops. three weeks later, her energy levels have dropped and she feels stressed about things that weren't bothering her a few weeks prior. basically, when she stops exercising, the acute (short term) mental and physical benefits start to fade. she might feel like all that work was for nothing if she doesn’t continue running. in reality, her health is much better from 3 months of running, even after stopping for a few weeks. however, her expectation of health has changed as improved health and wellness became the new standard. she should continue exercising to maintain that level of health.

many clients will experience impressive results within a few days of starting a cbd routine and set their expectations to continue enjoying that rate of improvement without bound. when rate of change starts to level out (sometimes called diminishing returns), the client might think cbd stopped working for them. similarly, after stopping a routine, some clients may feel signs of their discomforts returning. this doesn’t mean their mind-body is back to square one, it just means the powerful balancing properties of cbd aren’t acting on the endocannabinoid system.

while you may not experience the acute effects of cbd after stopping a routine, cbd has short term and long term benefits. this is a good reason to journal key health indicators on a regular basis and put in the work to make additional healthy changes to diet and lifestyle. making these efforts will help you understand your long term progress vs you short term experiences.

set up for success.

if you want to get the most out of your cbd routine, its important to get serious and positive about improving your health. take additional responsibility for your progress. this means getting objective and analytical. we consult for physicians across the country to help their clients get the best results with a cbd routine. time and time again, the client who improves their diet, start exercising more, meditates and implements better sleep hygiene will see better results in a shorter amount of time with a smaller cbd serving size. while cbd is proving to be one of the most powerful holistic plants in the world, nothing is cure all. every truly healthful therapy is significantly more powerful and low lasting when supported by improved diet and lifestyle.

make some lifestyle upgrades.

discomfort from pain, anxiety, depression, sleep dysfunction, fatigue, brain fog, digestion problems, etc. are rooted in holistic imbalance driven by inflammation, stress, toxicity, nutritional deficiency, emotional toxicity, etc. while cbd alone will deliver exciting improvements, it’s important to put in some work of your own to further balance the mind-body. carve out some time to exercise 4-6 days / week, work on improving sleep hygiene and structuring your morning routine to include meditation of some kind, eat more organic fruits and vegetables, eat less sugar, remove wheat and non-organic corn from your diet, limit caffeine after 3pm to reduce circadian disruption. start somewhere and work to make steady progress. for more information on the above recommendations, send us an email or chat with your holistic health care practitioner.

conceptualizing holistic health. resource allocation & cbd.

the holistic power of cbd is difficult to conceptualize. cbd isn’t directly beneficial for all dysfunctions and performance goals, yet cbd has a reputation for being effective for just about everything. to understand why cbd is so effective we need to zoom out and conceptualize how the mind-body dedicates energy to healing processes, growth processes, cognitive processes, digestive processes, immune processes, etc.

resource allocation is everything when it comes to optimal health and wellness. your mind-body is a brilliant symphony of many interdependent systems interacting. interdependence is both internal and external at the same time and at incalculable levels of complexity. these internal processes are continuously managing your mind-body's valuable resources to power autonomic processes like digestion, detoxification, immune system, inflammation, heart rate and blood pressure (to name a few) and cognitive processes like attention, language, learning, memory, perception and thought. resource allocation is adaptive, meaning it changes based on our internal and external environment, experiences and perceptions. these changes happen in real time and baseline adjustments are made over long periods of time to adapt to evolving conditions. this is adaptation in a nutshell.

in our current way of living (higher stress, higher inflammation, lower nutrition), resources allocation is rarely moving us towards dynamic equilibrium as designed. instead, the mind-body’s brilliant systems of resource allocation are often confused by the speed at which our lifestyle and environment is changing. humans are incredibly resilient, but when our environment and every aspect of our lifestyle is changing faster than our systems can update (adapt), things can go haywire.

chronic stress and inflammation are accepted as a part of the norm today. chronic activation of these two systems causes or exacerbates the vast majority of modern disease. by design, stress response diverts resources to change the mind-body to a reactive state. non-reactive processes like digestion, detoxification, learning, neurogenesis, etc. are given less resources in order to prioritize sympathetic state. this is fight or flight and it's only designed to activate for a short period of time in response to a perceived threat. when the threat is gone, resources are reallocated towards parasympathetic processes. when stress is chronic, your mind-body uses more energy to fuel fight or flight than it does tuning the immune system, building new brain cells, repairing tissues, learning, etc. as this maladaptive resource allocation continues, it becomes more and more difficult to pull back to the sympathetic state. for this reason, the longer you have been chronically stressed, the more work it takes to get back to a place of balance.

aside from maladaptive resource allocation, ongoing stress has direct negative consequence on health like elevating glucose levels, elevating blood pressure, keeping brainwaves in high beta to gamma (reactive and energy intensive) frequency ranges. the weakening impact of chronic stress on the ECS (through CB1 down regulation) further degrades mood, energy, immune system and overall feelings of happiness. as chronic stress progresses, your mind-body becomes less capable of experiencing happiness, possibly leading to lower motivation, fatigue, hormone imbalance, muscular atrophy (especially in men), lowered libido and other symptoms of depression.

inflammation also has a similar story. as an immune response, inflammation is beneficial in the short term and destructive when allowed to go chronic. social, environmental and lifestyle factors can perpetuate chronic inflammation that can lead to several diseases that collectively represent the leading causes of disability and mortality worldwide. this includes cardiovascular disease, cancer, diabetes, chronic kidney disease, fatty liver disease, autoimmune and neurodegenerative disorders. long term inflammation can lead to damage in all tissues and organs and can also impair normal immune function, leading to increased susceptibility to infections and tumors. similar to stress, inflammation is energy intensive and diverts resources from parasympathetic processes. this energy draw causes fatigue, problems with focus, pain and other symptoms of depression.

to make things worse, chronic stress leads to inflammation and chronic inflammation causes stress. if something isn’t done to bring these levels down, stress and inflammation will continue to fuel each other, pushing the mind-body deeper into a state of dysfunction. chronic stress and inflammation is like driving 50 miles / hour in first gear. this is unnecessarily energy intensive and the wear on your mind-body is aggressive. this is not a sustainable way to live, resulting in a wide (and growing) list of chronic disease and performance problems.

cbd got it’s reputation as a life changing plant therapy because it seemed to work for everything. while this isn’t necessary true, a good cbd product acts on multiple systems simultaneously, helping move the mind-body into the elusive state of balance (dynamic equilibrium). in this improved state of balance, the entire mind-body shifts to prioritize parasympathetic processes. your ability to process information improves, learning and recall improves, mood improves, energy and endurance improves, neurogenesis improves, communication improves, digestion improves, immune and inflammation function improves, pain levels improve, mobility improves, sleep improves and more. additionally, the direct consequences of chronic stress and inflammation begin to subside.

this reputation seems to be fading. more and more people are reporting less than impressive results. this is not a failure of the plant itself. this is a failure of the product industry racing to make more marketable products rather than focusing on function. this is not unique to the cbd industry. you can see this everywhere. new and different things are more marketable than the fundamentals, but the fundamentals are what work.


more quick topics to unpack here.

the endocannabinoid system.

from the neurons in your brain to the bones in your feet, and everywhere in between, your cells have binding sites that allow chemical messengers to dock and relay information. its pretty crazy to think about your body having a brilliant network of messengers and receptor sites that carry out complex processes. imagine the outside of a cell having a mailbox, with an address, where a piece of mail containing information is dropped. the inside of that cell receives the message and carries out a task in response to the information. this is happening all the time at an incomprehensible magnitude and speed. inflammation, stress response, metabolism, pain, detoxification and countless additional functions are carried out by your body’s cells reacting to chemical messengers.

the ecs (discovered in 1992) is a network of messengers and receptors that communicate with nearly all tissue in your mind-body. endocannabinoids (like anadimide) are naturally produced by your body to activate the esc, transmitting information to promote homeostasis. balance is a primary objective of holistic health and is the most powerful approach to long term health and wellness (in our opinion). since disruptions to health and wellness are often the result of foundational imbalance in multiple systems, the ecs is a very powerful player in strengthening overall health and wellness. cannabinoids like cbd are exogenous (found outside the body) messengers that bind to receptor sites that stimulate the balancing action of the ecs. the booming popularity of cbd has everything to do with its powerful balancing properties.

cbd.

cannabidiol (cbd) is a phytocannabinoid found in cannabis (hemp and marijuana) that is becoming well known for its vast therapeutic applications. cbd is often referred to as the “medicinal” compound in the cannabis plant while thc is know for more recreational uses. while cbd is a specific chemical compound unique to cannabis, the term us used as a general name for product containing all varieties of hemp extracts that contain cbd.

hemp vs marijuana.

thc content is the main differentiator between hemp and marijuana. as defined by congress (2014. 2018 farm bill), any cannabis harvested and tested below 0.3% thc by mass (dry weight of flower before extraction) is classified as industrial hemp. any cannabis harvested and tested above 0.3% thc at harvest is classified as marijuana. marijuana growing is centered around thc content while hemp farming is centered around cbd or fiber content. reputable cbd formulators will extract from hemp grown to maximize cbd content and quality.

cbd wont get you high.

cbd is non-psychoactive and does not produce a high sensation like thc. cbd does not bind to the psychoactive cb1 receptors of the ecs. however, cbd can produce a relaxed state of mind and body. while this is a highly desired effect, it should be monitored and understood by the customer.

staying close to the source. choosing function.

like any booming industry, the cbd market is being flooded with hundreds of different product types. we see more everyday and it's becoming difficult for clients to choose a product that best serves the function they want. booming cbd popularity shines a light on pharma’s failure to address chronic and holistic dysfunctions like pain, inflammation, gut health, stress, anxiety, fatigue, sleep disorder, immune function, etc. however, the increasingly popular demand for cbd is fueling a marketplace that pumps out novelty product and damages therapeutic value. while the rest of the industry races to push out the newest infusion, combination, flavor, packaging, extraction method, etc. we’re staying as close to the plant as possible and improving therapeutic value

bruce lee one said, “I fear not the man who has practiced 10,000 kicks once, but I fear the man who has practiced one kick 10,000 times”. we take this concept seriously. we know the most powerful therapeutic value is in the plant itself, and the more you process and refine that plant, the more therapeutic value is reduced or removed. we’re not trying to rush 1,000 products to the market. instead we continue to master the fundamentals of therapeutic value through minimally processed extracts harnessing the whole plant. our focus on the basics has allowed us to surpass the rest of the industry in quality and simplicity.

topical vs internal.

both have their benefits and it depends on what you’re trying to accomplish. topical products like our deep tissue salve are used for targeted areas that can be reached with topical use (like muscles, joints and fascia). internal product like our sublingual is used for holistic mind-body benefits of a cbd routine and addressing issues more internal. in general, topicals tend to be quicker acting while sublinguals usually result in better long term, sustainable improvements.

cbd & drug testing.

cbd will not result in a false positive on a drug test. however, full spectrum cbd products can contain trace amounts of thc (trace amount = 0.3% or lower. our products typically measure between 0.00% - 0.01% thc lower than trace amount thc). many companies’ measuring below 0.3% thc will market their products as zero thc, and we think that’s a little irresponsible. the customer needs to know there may be trace amounts of thc in full spectrum cbd products. this trace amount should be of no concern in topical (non-transdermal) products. internal full spectrum product carries very low risk of a positive drug test, but it’s still a risk the customer needs to be aware of.

isolate vs full-spectrum.

generally speaking, therapeutic value of the whole plant is greater than the sum of its parts. isolating cbd requires significantly more processing and it removes other beneficial compounds that synergize with cbd to improve the overall benefits (as compared to cbd alone). this synergy called the “entourage effect”. formulations using isolate generally require greater serving sizes to experience results comparable to full spectrum formulas. unfortunately many highly processed forms of cbd like isolate, nano-particle and water soluble advertise higher efficacy at lower serving sizes while actually delivering far less.

extraction types.

winterized crude.

this is the least processed form of stable and decarboxylated (removal of the carboxyl group on cannabinoids, converting from acidic to basic forms, considered “cannabinoid activation”) hemp extracts and least used in CBD manufacturing. this extract is so rich with plant material that it looks completely black in a container. this is where you get the most full-spectrum cannabinoids, terpenes, and overall phytonutrients. winterized crude is less desirable for manufacturers because it’s difficult to work with and has strong flavor. a proper winterized crude is a taffy texture and can’t ran thought mass processing equipment without high heat. the lack of processing also retains a strong herbal taste that many companies don’t like because it limits what you can infuse into. all of the negatives of winterized crude have to do with difficulty of manufacturing and final taste. other than that, winterized crude is closest to the original plant and the best extraction for optimizing therapeutic value.

distillate.

this is the most common form of full spectrum extracts for high CBD concentrations and minimal taste. distillate is a crude that has been further refined remove terpenes, chlorophyll, minor cannabinoids, and other phytonutrients. the high cbd concentration and mild flavor make this ideal for flavored cbd products. distillate is still tricky to work with, so products using true distillate are typically more expensive than isolates.

isolate.

“Nano-particle” / “water soluble”

these are the most processed, highest concentration (99% cbd). isolate is advertised as a “pure product” because of the strength. it’s true this is pure cbd, it carries the least therapeutic potential due to the total lack of synergistic or “entourage” effects. in addition to being stripped of all supporting cannabinoids and additional phytonutrients, isolate goes through a high heat and high energy processes that can degrade cbd efficacy.

water soluble cbd is advertised as a higher efficacy form. while some water-soluble claim full spec, then only way to accomplish this is through isolation and reconstitution. this means extracts are completely stripped to individual compounds, then re-mixed. this is not true full spec since the manufacturer will only select a few isolated cannabinoids to blend together for a faux full spec claim. additionally, the endocannabinoid receptors are highly lipophilic, and endogenous cannabinoids AEA and 2AG are fatty acid ligands (messengers).

THC statement.

THC content is a big topic in the CBD space. THC content, at harvest, determines classification as hemp or marijuana, which ultimately determines legality. beyond that, some people might avoid full spectrum CBD because their professional organization is drug testing.

There should be no reputable cbd company selling any product testing above 0.3% THC content. its illegal, and most companies will be testing cannabinoid content at the least. 0.3% is a very low concentration for THC and will not result in any psychoactive effects (won’t get you high).

if you’re being drug tested regularly, follow the guidelines below.

internal cbd (sublingual or honey). CBD will not throw a false positive for THC and it’s unlikely you will test positive for THC from the trace amounts. however, we don’t recommend taking the risk if your career depends on it. sports commissions are starting to adjust THC thresholds to allow for CBD product use, but not all are. if you’re an athlete, you need to know where your current and future organizations stand.

topical use. there is zero concern for testing positive for THC using one of our topical products (deep tissue, skin repair, face serum, lip stuff). you will not absorb enough THC, even with ridiculously heavy use, to register on in any drug test. you will not test positive for a drug test using our topicals.

 

Typical THC content from lab testing.

+ 630mg sublingual. 0.03%-0.05% / avg max. 0.062%

+ 1260mg sublingual. 0.08%-0.11% / avg max. 0.18%

+ 2520mg sublingual. 0.10%-0.18% / avg max. 0.21%

+ 5040mg sublingual. 0.23%-0.28% / avg max. 0.29%     (practitioner only)

 

+ 400mg deep tissue. 0.01%-0.02% / avg max. 0.062%

+ 800mg deep tissue. 0.02%-0.06% / avg max. 0.18%

+ 1500mg deep tissue. 0.08%-0.14% / avg max. 0.21%